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This is the listing of the more important explanations given on the regular question & answer series; where we directly answer a selection of questions that come up via search engine queries shown on Woopra.

questions & answers, set 007

  • 01) do I need to adjust my camera exposure with flash photography?
  • 02) the flash output needed to overpower the sun
  • 06) why does TTL bounce flash need extra flash exposure compensation?
  • 07) how do you exposure for your subject’s skin tones?
  • 08) what is the flash power setting for off-camera flash without a softbox?

questions & answers, set 006

  • 01) how do I take an exposure reading with my camera?
  • 07) what lenses to use for full body group shots

questions & answers, set 005

  • 01) why doesn’t my light meter display an accurate TTL flash reading?
  • 02) why can’t I get great shallow depth of field with my camera and lens?
  • 03) pop-up flash photography techniques
  • 05) camera brand with most accurate metering
  • 06) can a wedding photographer go behind the priest on the stage?
  • 08) best quality settings for my camera

questions & answers, set 004

  • 01) increasing flash will eliminate ambient light?
  • 02) what is the higher shutter speed to eliminate ambient light?
  • 03) why is my bounce flash creating a shadow?
  • 07) TTL flash is not accurate when photographing darker people
  • 08) why can’t I use aperture priority with flash?
  • 09) bring detail back in bride’s dress with actions

questions & answers, set 003

  • 01) why two flashes with rear curtain sync?
  • 02) benefits of 1/500 flash sync speed
  • 03) how can I take photos at a slow shutter speed and not over-expose?
  • 04) stopping zoom lens from changing aperture
  • 05) will my exposure settings change if I move my position?

questions & answers, set 002

  • 01) flash outdoors without looking like flash
  • 04) how to blur the background
  • 05) the best mode for flash photography
  • 06) how to intentionally under-expose with flash
  • 06) is flash compensation the same as lowering your flash power?
  • 07) wedding photographs are noisy when photographing in dark church

questions & answers, set 001

  • 02) wedding photography – TTL flash or manual flash?
  • 08) best ISO for wedding formals

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{ 3 comments… read them below or add one }

1 Victor January 11, 2012 at 10:10 pm

Hi Neil

What do you think about this:

P: Programmed Auto

In the P exposure mode, the camera picks both aperture and shutter speed automatically to obtain a proper level of exposure.

For example, one reading in a dim light gives me 1/13s f/1.8 at ISO 400. When a Speedlight flash is mounted on the hotshoe or the built-in flash is popped up, the shutter speed is automatically changed to the flash shutter speed (typically 1/60s but can be changed via Custom Settings Menu). What happens to the aperture? It goes from f/1.8 to f/4. From 1/13s to 1/60s is 2 and 1/3 stop under exposure and from f/1.8 to f/4 is another 2 and 1/3 reduction in exposure. In total, the camera decided to underexpose the ambient by 4 and 2/3 stops. The flash is expected to make up the difference to bring a proper exposure to the main subject.

In another example, the camera meter reading was 1/125s f/5.6 at ISO400. When the built-in flash is popped up, the exposure changes to 1/250s f/4. There is no change to ambient exposure.

I find this in

Why you dont use this type of information in your two excelent books?



2 Neil vN January 12, 2012 at 3:13 pm

Victor .. the problem, for me, in working like this, is that I would have to think about it, and check how the camera is responding. Now, instead of Program mode making my life easier, it makes the thought-process just a touch more involved … certainly more involved than using manual exposure mode on the camera, and then adding TTL flash to it.

Neil vN


3 Victor January 13, 2012 at 1:55 pm

Sorry Neil for my english.

My mind is techicall, I am chemical engineer, so always try to understand how the things work. In this case, I am not saying P is better than manual mode, only mention that there is an explanation more elaborate on P, than you use in the books.For me is important, may be for others persons no.



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