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This is the listing of the more important explanations given on the regular question & answer series; where we directly answer a selection of questions that come up via search engine queries shown on Woopra.

questions & answers, set 007

  • 01) do I need to adjust my camera exposure with flash photography?
  • 02) the flash output needed to overpower the sun
  • 06) why does TTL bounce flash need extra flash exposure compensation?
  • 07) how do you exposure for your subject’s skin tones?
  • 08) what is the flash power setting for off-camera flash without a softbox?

questions & answers, set 006

  • 01) how do I take an exposure reading with my camera?
  • 07) what lenses to use for full body group shots

questions & answers, set 005

  • 01) why doesn’t my light meter display an accurate TTL flash reading?
  • 02) why can’t I get great shallow depth of field with my camera and lens?
  • 03) pop-up flash photography techniques
  • 05) camera brand with most accurate metering
  • 06) can a wedding photographer go behind the priest on the stage?
  • 08) best quality settings for my camera

questions & answers, set 004

  • 01) increasing flash will eliminate ambient light?
  • 02) what is the higher shutter speed to eliminate ambient light?
  • 03) why is my bounce flash creating a shadow?
  • 07) TTL flash is not accurate when photographing darker people
  • 08) why can’t I use aperture priority with flash?
  • 09) bring detail back in bride’s dress with actions

questions & answers, set 003

  • 01) why two flashes with rear curtain sync?
  • 02) benefits of 1/500 flash sync speed
  • 03) how can I take photos at a slow shutter speed and not over-expose?
  • 04) stopping zoom lens from changing aperture
  • 05) will my exposure settings change if I move my position?

questions & answers, set 002

  • 01) flash outdoors without looking like flash
  • 04) how to blur the background
  • 05) the best mode for flash photography
  • 06) how to intentionally under-expose with flash
  • 06) is flash compensation the same as lowering your flash power?
  • 07) wedding photographs are noisy when photographing in dark church

questions & answers, set 001

  • 02) wedding photography – TTL flash or manual flash?
  • 08) best ISO for wedding formals

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{ 3 comments… read them below or add one }

1 Victor January 11, 2012 at 10:10 pm

Hi Neil

What do you think about this:

P: Programmed Auto

In the P exposure mode, the camera picks both aperture and shutter speed automatically to obtain a proper level of exposure.

For example, one reading in a dim light gives me 1/13s f/1.8 at ISO 400. When a Speedlight flash is mounted on the hotshoe or the built-in flash is popped up, the shutter speed is automatically changed to the flash shutter speed (typically 1/60s but can be changed via Custom Settings Menu). What happens to the aperture? It goes from f/1.8 to f/4. From 1/13s to 1/60s is 2 and 1/3 stop under exposure and from f/1.8 to f/4 is another 2 and 1/3 reduction in exposure. In total, the camera decided to underexpose the ambient by 4 and 2/3 stops. The flash is expected to make up the difference to bring a proper exposure to the main subject.

In another example, the camera meter reading was 1/125s f/5.6 at ISO400. When the built-in flash is popped up, the exposure changes to 1/250s f/4. There is no change to ambient exposure.

I find this in http://dptnt.com/2010/01/balancing-flash-and-ambient-exposure/

Why you dont use this type of information in your two excelent books?

Regards

Reply

2 Neil vN January 12, 2012 at 3:13 pm

Victor .. the problem, for me, in working like this, is that I would have to think about it, and check how the camera is responding. Now, instead of Program mode making my life easier, it makes the thought-process just a touch more involved … certainly more involved than using manual exposure mode on the camera, and then adding TTL flash to it.

Neil vN

Reply

3 Victor January 13, 2012 at 1:55 pm

Sorry Neil for my english.

My mind is techicall, I am chemical engineer, so always try to understand how the things work. In this case, I am not saying P is better than manual mode, only mention that there is an explanation more elaborate on P, than you use in the books.For me is important, may be for others persons no.

Regards

Reply

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